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can conifer roots cause subsidence

Low rise buildings on shrinkable clay soils are vulnerable to movement and structural damage due to moisture abstraction by trees and other vegetation groups. Tree roots in the vicinity of ... they are quite safe to plant. Do conifers have leaves? The roots of a Leylandi Conifer can spread a considerable distance, particularly taller trees. A little too close perhaps… If it has been determined that a tree is causing damage to the foundations of a property due to shrinkage of clay subsoil beneath the foundations there are several options to take including topping, removal, thinning, pollarding. Structural damage is generally limited to properties on shrinkable clay soils. Although conifer roots are shallow, … Vegetation-related subsidence corresponds to the growing season from April to October, the damage usually reaching maximum severity in the autumn – when most insurance claims are submitted. While the tree is growing the surrounding soil is dried out but when the tree is removed the moisture content builds up, causing the ground to swell. Trees can also be an indirect cause of subsidence where moisture-seeking roots invade underground drains causing them to leak. Most conifers have needles instead of leaves. They are also known to suck the moisture out of the ground during dry periods, causing movement and leading to subsidence. Houses built on clay soil, which shrinks when there is less moisture in the ground, are particularly at risk of subsidence in a prolonged dry spell such as the UK is now facing. Policies often refer to the ‘the site’ when talking about ground movement cover. This can cause several problems for neighbouring properties because they withdraw moisture from the soil, causing it to dry out. Roots often extend for a radius wider than the hedge height. Roots can penetrate foundations, causing cracks to your home, and can also damage drainage systems. Tree Related Subsidence Damage Arboricultural Risk and Solutions, An Overview. Liability for damage caused by tree roots. Subsidence is what may happen to buildings on soils such as clay that shrink and expand in response to their moisture content. Earthquakes can cause grounds shaking, tsunamis, landslides and rockfalls, subsidence and lateral spreading, and liquefaction. So a new extension next to mature trees may not subside, but young trees could cause subsidence as they get bigger. Subsidence is one of the most serious problems a property can suffer, potentially affecting not only your home’s structural safety, but also its resale value. Nearby traffic. There are many causes of subsidence which can include: A high concentration of soil combined with clay which can cause vulnerabilities during dry and wet periods of weather. The process can take many years but the damage caused by heave is, in most cases, much more severe than that caused by subsidence . The roots of many types of trees are well known to cause damage to properties. Trees and large vegetation are also generally involved. Probably, it is the safest trees to plant near a house. Subsidence may also cause doors and windows to stick as the building’s structure becomes distorted. Trees – If you have trees or large shrubs planted too close to your home they can cause subsidence as the plant drains the moisture from the soil causing it to dry out and sink. Tree Roots and Subsidence Subsidence damage to a building - particularly a house - can be a worrying experience for the occupier. They will not therefore cause any direct damage after the tree has been felled. Planted too close, trees may undermine foundations, enter drains or septic tanks, or cause roof damage during storms. In minor cases of subsidence, re-pointing may be the only remedy required. These roots do not mine the soil for water as compared to trees like oaks and poplars. Where tree roots cause damage to a neighbouring property, the owner of the tree can be liable, under the law of nuisance, for such damage. You'll be asked whether, to the best of your knowledge, the property has ever been affected by subsidence, landslip, heave, or tree root damage. Subsidence can occur for a number of reasons: Tree Roots; The most common cause of subsidence is tree roots, most commonly, those of willow, elm, ash, and oak. Bigger trees that cause subsidence specifically take liquid from the soil, causing the soil, and thus the ground beneath the house, to shrink. Estimates suggest that around 70% of all subsidence cases are a result of tree roots absorbing all the moisture out of soil. Our neighbours cut down large conifers when I was a child and as the roots shrank it caused subsidence to our home. The roots of a Leylandi Conifer can spread a considerable distance, particularly taller trees. 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